Oligospermia: Types, Causes and Treatment Centre in Delhi

Oligospermia - Overview

Oligospermia is a condition in which the sperms produced are low in numbers. Conditions such as inability to maintain an erection and sperm count as low as 15 million sperms per one milliliter (mL) of semen are considered oligospermia conditions.

Nearly 100 million sperms/mL semen are released during ejaculation that travels into the female reproductive system. Many of them dissipate in the reproductive tract of the women, only a few thousands move towards the egg and only one sperm is enough to accomplish the fertilization process. However, at least 40 million sperms/mL of semen are required to improve the chances of fertilization and low sperm count can reduce the chances of causing male infertility.

Oligospermia is classified into three types depending on the sperm numbers

  • MILD OLIGOSPERMIA : Condition where the sperm numbers are between 10-15 million sperm/mL of semen.
  • MODERATE OLIGOSPERMIA : Condition where the sperm numbers are between 5-10 million sperm/mL of semen.
  • SEVERE OLIGOSPERMIA : A condition where the sperm count is well below 5 million sperm/mL of semen.

What are the causes of oligospermia?

Conditions that can cause oligospermia are:

  • Varicocele : Enlargement of the testicular veins can disrupt the blood flow and cause inflammation of the testicles. This condition is called varicocele. Due to abnormal blood flow, high temperature gets generated within the testicles that can disrupt spermatogenesis and lower the sperm count.
  • Infections : Sexually transmitted infections (SITs) such as HIV, gonorrhea, etc can reduce sperm numbers.
  • Ejaculation issues : Retrograde ejaculation and other ejaculation disorders can impact the sperm count.
  • Other conditions : Injury, trauma, tumors of the reproductive organs, a previous surgery, certain medications can also cause ejaculation problems and lowered sperm count.
  • Erectile issues : Erectile dysfunction too can lead to ejaculation of fewer sperms.
  • Hormone problems : The hormonal disorder in men can also hamper the sperm count.
  • Environmental factors : exposure to chemicals, pesticides, radiations, certain heavy metals, excess heat, and temperature can reduce sperm production.
  • Lifestyle issues : stress, indulgences such as excessive alcohol, smoking cigarettes, drugs can lower sperm production.

How can oligospermia be treated?

Sperm analysis helps determine the number of sperms present in the semen sample. Oligospermia Treatment options to improve sperm numbers and quality are:

  • Surgery : Treatment of varicocele involves a surgical procedure to shut off the enlarged veins and redirect blood flow.
  • Hormone therapy : Hormonal therapy can help balance the hormones and improve sperm count.
  • Medication : Medications to treat conditions such as inflammations, infections that can cause oligospermia.
  • Assisted Reproduction Technique : Fertility treatments like ART techniques can help treat infertility

Treatment at OMYA

OMYA fertility treatment center provides you the required assistance and care while you undergo fertility treatment. At OMYA, our experienced fertility specialists work with dedication and precision to give you the right treatment solution.

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