PCOS Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment in Delhi

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome; commonly called PCOS is an endocrine disorder where the ovaries produce more androgens than normal. Almost 1 out of 10 women experience PCOS making it one of the leading causes of female infertility.

Androgens are male hormones present in both men and women. In women, androgens produced by the ovaries, fat cells, and adrenal glands get converted to estrogen. But in women with PCOS, the androgens do not get converted into estrogen leading to the formation of multiple liquid-filled cysts with immature eggs. These cysts accumulate to look like a bunch of pearls on the surface of ovaries. Such polycystic ovaries do not ovulate and cause problems with menstruation.

Causes of PCOS

Research proves that increased androgen levels interfere in the development and release of eggs. Some of the other factors are:

  • Insulin intolerance: Most women with PCOS have resistance to insulin where the body can not use insulin leading to increased insulin levels and high androgen levels.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation can also cause an increase in androgen
  • Family history: Inheritance of PCOS genes is also one of the reasons

Symptoms of PCOS

Noticeable signs and symptoms of PCOS are:

  • Irregular or absences of menstrual periods
  • Excess body hair (hirsutism)
  • Acne
  • Thinning of hair
  • Male-pattern baldness
  • Infertility
  • Acute pelvic pain
  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Darkening of the skin
  • Mood swings
  • Headache
  • Depression and anxiety

Sometimes, prolonged or untreated PCOS can lead to complications such as type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes (in pregnant women with PCOS), high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart problems, endometrial cancer, and infertility.

Diagnosis of PCOS

It is always advisable to visit a specialist if one has one or more of the above symptoms or trouble getting pregnant. Clinical assessment of PCOS includes:

  • Pelvic Examination
  • Blood tests to detect the levels of hormones
  • Ultrasound to know the appearance of the ovaries and the uterine lining

PCOS treatment at OMYA

OMYA Infertility Treatment Centre has a team of dedicated and experienced fertility specialists who have left no stones unturned to treat various issues of the reproductive system. PCOS treatment involves managing the symptoms and assisting the ovaries to produce eggs regularly. Treatment options considered for PCOS are:

  • Changes in diet, medication, and moderate exercise will help balance the hormones.
  • Hormonal medications can help the ovaries to ovulate regularly, normalize menstruation, relieve pain and other symptoms.
  • Treatment for PCOS infertility can be made possible by Ovulation Induction (OI), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) that help you conceive.

Connect with our specialists with OMYA who use cutting-edge technology to diagnose and treat a wide variety of fertility issues and help many achieve a successful pregnancy.

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